|Most pharmacies and major supermarkets supply ready-made first aid kits for the home. Alternatively, you may wish to put together your own first aid kit to best meet the needs of your family.
STRONG FIRST AID EQUIPMENT
The equipment should be stored in a clearly labeled waterproof box in an easy-to-access position. The American symbol for first aid is a red cross on a white background.
WHAT SHOULD BE IN THE KIT?
Consider carefully the needs that you might have in the home first aid equipment. Your kit should be able to provide you with equipment to do the following tasks:
- Manage heavy bleeding
- Cover the minor wounds and burns
- Clean the small cuts and scrapes
- Provide support for strains, sprains, and broken bones
- Provide cover for large burns
- Apply a cold compress
In addition, you m ay want to store over-the-counter remedies with your kit, such as analgesics and extra family medications.
Numbers of each item will be influenced by the number, age, and activities of people in the home. Very young children, for example, will have lots of small bumps and scrapes and will therefore benefit from a copious supply of brightly colored bandages. Sports-minded teenagers or adults may be more at risk of sprains and strains.
Small, medium, and large dressings
These are sterile pads with bandages attached that can be used to control heavy bleeding and cover minor wounds.
These are an extremely versatile piece of equipment. Folded into a pad, they can be used as a cold compress or as padding around a painful area. They can provide cover for burns or large scrapes and support broken bones. See also Triangular Bandages.
For small wounds.
Non-adhesive sterile dressings (various sizes), safety tape, adhesive tape, and hypoallergenic tape
Dressing can be cut to size and used to cover scrapes, burns, and small wounds.
For use with water to clean wounds.
Ace bandages, compression bandages, tubular bandage
For use in providing support to sprains and strains.
For use in managing body fluids.
MAINTAINING YOUR KIT
Make sure that you have a system for replacing equipment when it has been used and check dressings and medication regularly to ensure that they are in date and undamaged.