First Aid Techniques
   
At the Emergency Scene
Action in An Emergency
Assessing a Casualty
Maintaining Airway,
Breathing, and Circulation
What to do When Somebody has Collapsed
The recovery Position for
Adults
The recovery Position for
Children and Babies
Rescue Breathing for Adults
Rescue Breathing for
Children and Babies
CPR for Adults
CPR for Children and Babies
Choking in Adults
Choking in Children
Choking in Babies
   
 
Everyday First Aid
   
Nosebleeds
Minor Wounds
Infected Wounds
Dealing with Splinters and
Fish Hooks
Foreign Bodies
Animal Bites
Insect Bites and Stings
More on Bites and Stings
Headaches
Fever
Earaches, Toothache, and
Sore Throat
Abdominal Pain
Vomiting and Diarrhea
Cramps
Hysteria, Hiccups, and Panic
Attacks
Allergies
   
 
Equipment, Medicines, and Complementary Medicine
   
Using Dressings and Cold
Compresses
Bandaging
First Aid Kit for the Home
First Aid Kit for the Car
Wilderness First Aid Kit
Observation Chart/Victim
Record
Storing and Using Medication
Commonly Prescribed
Drugs:
What They Do and Side
Effects
Drug Interactions
The Complementary
Medicine Chest
   
 
 
 
 
Storing and Using Medication

Not counting the medical products that are available over-the-counter from pharmacies, there are several thousand different preparations that your doctor could prescribe for you. Each of these drugs will have cost millions of dollars during development, and will also have been subjected to rigorous examination by the Food and Drug Agency (FDA).

Right

When storing medication at home it is best to keep them all in one place, ideally in a lockable wall cabinet. It should be in a dry, cool place, out of the reach of children.


STORING DRUGS

Most drugs can be stored at room temperature, but there are a few that should be placed in a refrigerator. Drugs in this category include some eye and ear drops and insulin (used to treat diabetes) All other drugs should be locked away out of the reach of the children. If several members of the household are taking medication on a regular basis, each person should store his drugs separately.

TAKING MEDICATION

It is vital to read the instructions advising how a drug should be taken before the first dose is administered. Although some medication still comes in small, childproof bottles labeled with dosage and special instructions or precautions, many now come as a standard manufacturer’s pack. This pack will, by law, contain a leaflet advising the dose to be taken as well as all aspects of special instructions, side effects, and guidance on dealing with accidental overdose. If the instructions are still not clear, seek advice from your pharmacist or doctor.

COMPLETING THE COURSE

There are a number of instructions that are common to several groups of drugs. In case of antibiotics, short courses of steroids, and drugs to cure stomach ulcers it is essential that the full course of the medication is taken. This is to ensure that the complete effect of the drug is experienced, because symptoms will often go half-way through treatment. If medication is stopped early, partially treated conditions are likely to recur.

Similarly, many drugs for the treatment of long-standing conditions, including diabetes, high blood pressure, heart disease, high cholesterol, or asthma should not be stopped by a patient unless he has been instructed to de so by a doctor. Some of these medical problems, in particular, high blood pressure and high cholesterol, have no symptoms but are being treated to reduce the risk of future heart attacks and strokes. A patient who stops taking prescribed drugs in these conditions will not be fully aware of the potential danger he is facing because he will feel well.

TAKING THE DIFFERENT MEDICATION

Many people have to take a number of different drugs every day. Generally, it is safe to take a variety of medications at the same time, but there are some groups that should be kept apart if possible because they might interfere with the way the drugs are absorbed in the stomach. When in doubt, ask your pharmacist for help. Always tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking any over-the-counter or complementary therapies for your condition.

DRIVING

There are several classes of medication that may cause drowsiness or sedation, and it is important that a person taking these types of drugs should not drive. Among the remedies that can have this effect are some antihistamines (for allergy), strong analgesics, and antidepressants. The sedative effect of these drugs can be made worse by alcohol, which should be avoided.

 
 
 
Storing and Using Medication

 
 
 
 
 
 
First Aid Procedures
   
Drowning
Shock
Breathing Difficulties
Asthma
Anaphylactic Shock
Heart Problems
Stroke
Epilepsy
Unconsciousness
Diabetes
Bleeding
Treatment of External Bleeding
Bleeding from the Head or
Palm
Treating Chest or Abdominal
Wounds
Crush Injuries, Impalement,
and Amputation
Internal Bleeding
Eye Wounds and Embedded
Objects
Bleeding from Special Sites
Controlling Bleeding from the Mouth and Nose
Fractures, Discolorations, and
Soft Tissue Injuries
How to Treat Fractures
Fractures of the Skull, Face,
and Jaw
Concussion
Fractures of the Upper Body
Fractures of the Arm and Hand
Fractures of the Ribcage
Recognizing Back and Spinal
Injury
If you have to move the Victim
Unconscious Victim
Injuries to the Lower Body
Injuries to the Lower Leg
Sprains and Strains
Burns and Scalds
Treating Other Types of Burn
Chemical Burns and Eye Burns
Extreme Cold
Extreme Heat
Poisoning
Poisoning from Household
Chemicals
Poisoning from Industrial
Chemicals
Drug Poisoning
Alcohol Poisoning
Food Poisoning
Miscarriage
Emergency Childbirth
   
 
Wilderness First Aid
   
What to Do if You are a Long Way from Help
Wilderness First Aid
Avalanche and Snow Survival Techniques
Cold Water Survival
Techniques
Stretcher Improvising
Loading and Carrying a
Stretcher
One-and-Two-Person Carries
Helicopter Rescue