First Aid Techniques
At the Emergency Scene
Action in An Emergency
Assessing a Casualty
Maintaining Airway,
Breathing, and Circulation
What to do When Somebody has Collapsed
The recovery Position for
The recovery Position for
Children and Babies
Rescue Breathing for Adults
Rescue Breathing for
Children and Babies
CPR for Adults
CPR for Children and Babies
Choking in Adults
Choking in Children
Choking in Babies
Everyday First Aid
Minor Wounds
Infected Wounds
Dealing with Splinters and
Fish Hooks
Foreign Bodies
Animal Bites
Insect Bites and Stings
More on Bites and Stings
Earaches, Toothache, and
Sore Throat
Abdominal Pain
Vomiting and Diarrhea
Hysteria, Hiccups, and Panic
Equipment, Medicines, and Complementary Medicine
Using Dressings and Cold
First Aid Kit for the Home
First Aid Kit for the Car
Wilderness First Aid Kit
Observation Chart/Victim
Storing and Using Medication
Commonly Prescribed
What They Do and Side
Drug Interactions
The Complementary
Medicine Chest
What They Do and Side Effects

Every day in the US, medication costing millions of dollars is prescribed to hundreds of thousands of people. There are thousands of different drugs used to treat hundreds if illnesses. What follows is a general guide to some of the broad categories of medication, how they work and common side effects.

Analgesics (Painkillers)

Acetaminophen and aspirin are the mildest analgesics, used for headaches, joint pains, menstrual pain, and toothache. They are equally effective, but aspirin also reduces inflammation.

Acetaminophen can be used in children under the age of twelve. Side effects are rare, but it is potentially fatal even in minor overdose because of toxic effects of aspirin and other anti-inflammatories (e.g ibuprofen) include stomach irritation and bleeding, Asthma suffers can be sensitive to aspirin, leading to increased wheezing, and even death in some cases. Stronger analgesics work on the brain to reduce the perception of pain. These include opioid analgesics, such as codiene, pethidine, and morphine. Side effects include drowsiness, constipation, nausea, and vomiting.

Heart Desease

These are around ten different classes of drugs used to treat a variety of conditions, including high blood pressure, blood clots, angina, and palpitations. The best known of the drugs are water tablets (duiretics). They remove excess fluid from the circulatory system, lowering blood pressure and improving breathing in heart failure. Side effects include stomach upsets, gout, and rashes.

Beta-blockers reduce heart rate and lower blood pressure, but can cause tiredness, cold hands and feet, and sleep disturbances. They should not be taken by asthmatics because they may trigger a fatal attack of wheezing. Digoxin is used to treat irregular heart rate and may induce nausea, vomiting, and loss of appetite if the dosage is too high. Some drugs used for treating raised blood pressure can cause impotence ( reversible on stopping medication).


There are two types of asthma theraphy. Treatment of whezzing attack is by inhaled drugs, including salbutamol and terbutaline (known as relivers). which open up the airways by relaxing the muscle in the walls of breathing tubes. Preventatives, such as inhaled steroids, improve breathing by reducing the amount of sticky mucus blocking the airways. inhaled drugs have few side effects, although steroids can cause an overgrowth of yeast infection at the back of the throat.
What They Do and Side Effects

First Aid Procedures
Breathing Difficulties
Anaphylactic Shock
Heart Problems
Treatment of External Bleeding
Bleeding from the Head or
Treating Chest or Abdominal
Crush Injuries, Impalement,
and Amputation
Internal Bleeding
Eye Wounds and Embedded
Bleeding from Special Sites
Controlling Bleeding from the Mouth and Nose
Fractures, Discolorations, and
Soft Tissue Injuries
How to Treat Fractures
Fractures of the Skull, Face,
and Jaw
Fractures of the Upper Body
Fractures of the Arm and Hand
Fractures of the Ribcage
Recognizing Back and Spinal
If you have to move the Victim
Unconscious Victim
Injuries to the Lower Body
Injuries to the Lower Leg
Sprains and Strains
Burns and Scalds
Treating Other Types of Burn
Chemical Burns and Eye Burns
Extreme Cold
Extreme Heat
Poisoning from Household
Poisoning from Industrial
Drug Poisoning
Alcohol Poisoning
Food Poisoning
Emergency Childbirth
Wilderness First Aid
What to Do if You are a Long Way from Help
Wilderness First Aid
Avalanche and Snow Survival Techniques
Cold Water Survival
Stretcher Improvising
Loading and Carrying a
One-and-Two-Person Carries
Helicopter Rescue