First Aid Techniques
   
At the Emergency Scene
Action in An Emergency
Assessing a Casualty
Maintaining Airway,
Breathing, and Circulation
What to do When Somebody has Collapsed
The recovery Position for
Adults
The recovery Position for
Children and Babies
Rescue Breathing for Adults
Rescue Breathing for
Children and Babies
CPR for Adults
CPR for Children and Babies
Choking in Adults
Choking in Children
Choking in Babies
   
 
Everyday First Aid
   
Nosebleeds
Minor Wounds
Infected Wounds
Dealing with Splinters and
Fish Hooks
Foreign Bodies
Animal Bites
Insect Bites and Stings
More on Bites and Stings
Headaches
Fever
Earaches, Toothache, and
Sore Throat
Abdominal Pain
Vomiting and Diarrhea
Cramps
Hysteria, Hiccups, and Panic
Attacks
Allergies
   
 
Equipment, Medicines, and Complementary Medicine
   
Using Dressings and Cold
Compresses
Bandaging
First Aid Kit for the Home
First Aid Kit for the Car
Wilderness First Aid Kit
Observation Chart/Victim
Record
Storing and Using Medication
Commonly Prescribed
Drugs:
What They Do and Side
Effects
Drug Interactions
The Complementary
Medicine Chest
   
 
 
 
 
Headaches

Headaches have many causes. Often they can develop for no apparent reason or a symptom of common illnesses such as flu. Sometimes they are an indicator of a more serious condition such as head injury, stroke, or other serious illnesses.

TREATMENT

  1. Settle the person into a comfortable position in a quiet place. Consider medical remedies such as dimming the lights, applying a cold compress, providing fresh air, and encouraging sips of cold water.
  2. Check for other signs and symptoms that may indicate a more serious condition and take action as appropriate. Seek urgent medical advice if:
  • There has been a head injury.
  • There are signs and symptoms of meningitis.
  • The person appears confused, drowsy, or there is any fall in the level of consciousness.
  1. Help the person to take her usual painkillers.
  2. If the pain persists, seek medical advice.

SYMPTOMS OF TENSION HEADACHES

  • Sensation of a band tightening around the skull
  • Pain ranges in intensity
  • A throbbing sensation that pulses in time with the heartbeat
  • May be accompanied by eye or neck pain

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF MENINGITIS

Any combination of the following may be present:

  • Fever
  • Headache
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Stiff neck (pain or difficulty in touching the chest with the chin)
  • Convulsions
  • Sensitivity to light
  • Rash (bleeding under the skin) which does not go away if a glass is pressed against it

In addition, in babies and young children:

  • The soft spot on the head (the fontanelle) may be stretched tight
There may be floppiness, lack of focus on surroundings
 
 
 
Abdominal Pain

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
First Aid Procedures
   
Drowning
Shock
Breathing Difficulties
Asthma
Anaphylactic Shock
Heart Problems
Stroke
Epilepsy
Unconsciousness
Diabetes
Bleeding
Treatment of External Bleeding
Bleeding from the Head or
Palm
Treating Chest or Abdominal
Wounds
Crush Injuries, Impalement,
and Amputation
Internal Bleeding
Eye Wounds and Embedded
Objects
Bleeding from Special Sites
Controlling Bleeding from the Mouth and Nose
Fractures, Discolorations, and
Soft Tissue Injuries
How to Treat Fractures
Fractures of the Skull, Face,
and Jaw
Concussion
Fractures of the Upper Body
Fractures of the Arm and Hand
Fractures of the Ribcage
Recognizing Back and Spinal
Injury
If you have to move the Victim
Unconscious Victim
Injuries to the Lower Body
Injuries to the Lower Leg
Sprains and Strains
Burns and Scalds
Treating Other Types of Burn
Chemical Burns and Eye Burns
Extreme Cold
Extreme Heat
Poisoning
Poisoning from Household
Chemicals
Poisoning from Industrial
Chemicals
Drug Poisoning
Alcohol Poisoning
Food Poisoning
Miscarriage
Emergency Childbirth
   
 
Wilderness First Aid
   
What to Do if You are a Long Way from Help
Wilderness First Aid
Avalanche and Snow Survival Techniques
Cold Water Survival
Techniques
Stretcher Improvising
Loading and Carrying a
Stretcher
One-and-Two-Person Carries
Helicopter Rescue