First Aid Techniques
   
At the Emergency Scene
Action in An Emergency
Assessing a Casualty
Maintaining Airway,
Breathing, and Circulation
What to do When Somebody has Collapsed
The recovery Position for
Adults
The recovery Position for
Children and Babies
Rescue Breathing for Adults
Rescue Breathing for
Children and Babies
CPR for Adults
CPR for Children and Babies
Choking in Adults
Choking in Children
Choking in Babies
   
 
Everyday First Aid
   
Nosebleeds
Minor Wounds
Infected Wounds
Dealing with Splinters and
Fish Hooks
Foreign Bodies
Animal Bites
Insect Bites and Stings
More on Bites and Stings
Headaches
Fever
Earaches, Toothache, and
Sore Throat
Abdominal Pain
Vomiting and Diarrhea
Cramps
Hysteria, Hiccups, and Panic
Attacks
Allergies
   
 
Equipment, Medicines, and Complementary Medicine
   
Using Dressings and Cold
Compresses
Bandaging
First Aid Kit for the Home
First Aid Kit for the Car
Wilderness First Aid Kit
Observation Chart/Victim
Record
Storing and Using Medication
Commonly Prescribed
Drugs:
What They Do and Side
Effects
Drug Interactions
The Complementary
Medicine Chest
   
 
 
 
 
Bleeding from the Head or Palm

Bleeding from the head is usually caused by a blow. The scalp in particular has a rich blood supply and even a small wound can bleed heavily. The palm of the hand is commonly cut while cutting objects or through a fall. Bleeding is often severe as the palm also has a rich blood supply. There are many tendons and nerves in the hand, and wounds to the palm may be accompanied by loss of movement or feeling in the fingers.


HOW TO TREAT HEAD BLEEDS

Treatment should include taking full details of what happened and checking for signs of head injury, such as skull fracture, concussion, or compression.

  1. Help the injured person to sit down or lie down.

  2. Check for any signs of head injury. Treat as appropriate.

  3. Using sterile bandage apply direct pressure to the wound to stop the bleeding.

  4. Cover the wound with sterile dressing or clean pad. Tie this in place with a bandage.

  5. Take or send the victim to the hospital as soon as possible.

If the victim becomes unconscious, monitor and maintain airway and breathing and be prepared to resuscitate as necessary.

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF SKULL FRACTURE, CONCUSSION, AND COMPRESSION

Skull Fracture

  • Bruising to the eye socket
  • Pain
  • A bump or dent in the skull
  • Straw-colored fluid coming from one or both ears
  • Victim becomes increasingly drowsy and unresponsive over a period of time. Does she respond slowly to questions or commands? Is she having problems focusing?

Concussion

  • Pale skin
  • Dizziness, blurred vision or nausea
  • Headache
  • Brief or partial loss of consciousness

Compression

  • Person becomes increasingly drowsy and unresponsive
  • Flushed and dry skin
  • Slurred speech and confusion
  • Partial or total loss of movement. Often down one side of the body
  • One pupil appears to be larger than the other
  • Noisy breathing, which become slow
  • Slow, strong pulse

HOW TO TREAT BLEEDING FROM PALM

  • Help the victim to sit or lie down. Apply direct pressure to the wound and raise the arm. If the person has had a fall, take care to rule out a broken arm or collarbone before raising the arm.

  • Place a sterile dressing or a clean pad in the hand and ask the victim to grip her fingers over it. Bandage the fingers so that they are clenched over the pad. Leave the thumb exposed. If there is an embedded object in the wound, treat the hand flat and bandage around the object. If tendon damage means that the fingers cannot be clenched, bandage the wound with the hand flat.

  • Treat for shock if necessary. Keep the victim warm, at rest, and reassure him or her.
Support the arm in an elevation sling and take or send the victim to hospital
 
 
 
Vomiting and Diarrhea

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
First Aid Procedures
   
Drowning
Shock
Breathing Difficulties
Asthma
Anaphylactic Shock
Heart Problems
Stroke
Epilepsy
Unconsciousness
Diabetes
Bleeding
Treatment of External Bleeding
Bleeding from the Head or
Palm
Treating Chest or Abdominal
Wounds
Crush Injuries, Impalement,
and Amputation
Internal Bleeding
Eye Wounds and Embedded
Objects
Bleeding from Special Sites
Controlling Bleeding from the Mouth and Nose
Fractures, Discolorations, and
Soft Tissue Injuries
How to Treat Fractures
Fractures of the Skull, Face,
and Jaw
Concussion
Fractures of the Upper Body
Fractures of the Arm and Hand
Fractures of the Ribcage
Recognizing Back and Spinal
Injury
If you have to move the Victim
Unconscious Victim
Injuries to the Lower Body
Injuries to the Lower Leg
Sprains and Strains
Burns and Scalds
Treating Other Types of Burn
Chemical Burns and Eye Burns
Extreme Cold
Extreme Heat
Poisoning
Poisoning from Household
Chemicals
Poisoning from Industrial
Chemicals
Drug Poisoning
Alcohol Poisoning
Food Poisoning
Miscarriage
Emergency Childbirth
   
 
Wilderness First Aid
   
What to Do if You are a Long Way from Help
Wilderness First Aid
Avalanche and Snow Survival Techniques
Cold Water Survival
Techniques
Stretcher Improvising
Loading and Carrying a
Stretcher
One-and-Two-Person Carries
Helicopter Rescue