|Bleeding from the head is usually caused by a blow. The scalp in particular has a rich blood supply and even a small wound can bleed heavily. The palm of the hand is commonly cut while cutting objects or through a fall. Bleeding is often severe as the palm also has a rich blood supply. There are many tendons and nerves in the hand, and wounds to the palm may be accompanied by loss of movement or feeling in the fingers.
HOW TO TREAT HEAD BLEEDS
Treatment should include taking full details of what happened and checking for signs of head injury, such as skull fracture, concussion, or compression.
- Help the injured person to sit down or lie down.
- Check for any signs of head injury. Treat as appropriate.
- Using sterile bandage apply direct pressure to the wound to stop the bleeding.
- Cover the wound with sterile dressing or clean pad. Tie this in place with a bandage.
- Take or send the victim to the hospital as soon as possible.
If the victim becomes unconscious, monitor and maintain airway and breathing and be prepared to resuscitate as necessary.
SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF SKULL FRACTURE, CONCUSSION, AND COMPRESSION
- Bruising to the eye socket
- A bump or dent in the skull
- Straw-colored fluid coming from one or both ears
- Victim becomes increasingly drowsy and unresponsive over a period of time. Does she respond slowly to questions or commands? Is she having problems focusing?
- Pale skin
- Dizziness, blurred vision or nausea
- Brief or partial loss of consciousness
- Person becomes increasingly drowsy and unresponsive
- Flushed and dry skin
- Slurred speech and confusion
- Partial or total loss of movement. Often down one side of the body
- One pupil appears to be larger than the other
- Noisy breathing, which become slow
- Slow, strong pulse
HOW TO TREAT BLEEDING FROM PALM
Support the arm in an elevation sling and take or send the victim to hospital
- Help the victim to sit or lie down. Apply direct pressure to the wound and raise the arm. If the person has had a fall, take care to rule out a broken arm or collarbone before raising the arm.
- Place a sterile dressing or a clean pad in the hand and ask the victim to grip her fingers over it. Bandage the fingers so that they are clenched over the pad. Leave the thumb exposed. If there is an embedded object in the wound, treat the hand flat and bandage around the object. If tendon damage means that the fingers cannot be clenched, bandage the wound with the hand flat.
- Treat for shock if necessary. Keep the victim warm, at rest, and reassure him or her.