First Aid Techniques
   
At the Emergency Scene
Action in An Emergency
Assessing a Casualty
Maintaining Airway,
Breathing, and Circulation
What to do When Somebody has Collapsed
The recovery Position for
Adults
The recovery Position for
Children and Babies
Rescue Breathing for Adults
Rescue Breathing for
Children and Babies
CPR for Adults
CPR for Children and Babies
Choking in Adults
Choking in Children
Choking in Babies
   
 
Everyday First Aid
   
Nosebleeds
Minor Wounds
Infected Wounds
Dealing with Splinters and
Fish Hooks
Foreign Bodies
Animal Bites
Insect Bites and Stings
More on Bites and Stings
Headaches
Fever
Earaches, Toothache, and
Sore Throat
Abdominal Pain
Vomiting and Diarrhea
Cramps
Hysteria, Hiccups, and Panic
Attacks
Allergies
   
 
Equipment, Medicines, and Complementary Medicine
   
Using Dressings and Cold
Compresses
Bandaging
First Aid Kit for the Home
First Aid Kit for the Car
Wilderness First Aid Kit
Observation Chart/Victim
Record
Storing and Using Medication
Commonly Prescribed
Drugs:
What They Do and Side
Effects
Drug Interactions
The Complementary
Medicine Chest
   
 
 
 
 
The recovery Position for Adults

An unconscious person is always at risk of the airway becoming blocked by the tongue. There is also the possibility of choking on stomach contents because the valve holding food down often relaxes, allowing food to come back up into the mouth.

If there is damage to the mouth or internal injuries, a person may also be at risk of choking on blood. To try to reduce these risks, most unconscious people are safest if placed in the recovery position while waiting for help to arrive. This position keeps the airway open and allows liquids to drain from the mouth.

ASSESSING A VICTIM

If somebody is unconscious (not responsive) but breathing, your priorities are: to ensure that she stays breathing by keeping the airway; unblocked and regularly looking, listening, and feeling for breaths; to treat any life-threatening injuries such as serious bleeding; and to call for an emergency help. For an unconscious person who you know to be breathing, do a quick check for life-threatening injuries such as severe bleeding and treat if necessary, then move the victim into the recovery position.

HOW TO MOVE AN ADULT INTO THE RECOVERY POSITION


1. Kneel beside the victim. Remove glasses and any bulky objects from the pockets. Ensure the airway is open by lifting the chin and tilting the head. Make sure both legs are straight, then place the arm nearest to you straight from the victim’s body, with the palm facing upward.

2. Bring the arm furthest away from you across the victim’s chest and hold the back of the hand against the cheek nearest to you.

3. With your other hand, grasp the far leg just above the knee and pull it up, keeping the foot flat on the ground.

4. Keeping the victim’s hand pressed against his or her cheek, pull on the far leg and roll the victim toward you and on to his or her side. Adjust the upper leg so that both the hip and knee are bent at right angles.

5. Tilt the head back so that the airway remains open. If necessary, adjust the hand under the cheek to make sure the victim’s head remains tilted and the airways stays open. Call for emergency help if this has not already been done. Check the breathing regularly, and check the lower arm for any loss of color or warmth. If it turns white or blue, or if it gets cold gently move it until the color or warmth returns.

ABC OF FIRST AID

Airway Use the recovery position to help maintain an open airway.

Breathing Continue to check breathing while the person is in the recovery position.

Circulation Treat any life-threatening bleeding.

SPINAL INJURY

If the victim has been involved in an accident that involved a lot of force, such as a fall from height or an automobile accident, the back or neck may be injured. The priority in an unconscious person will always be ABC. If you suspect a person may have a neck or back injury, or other broken bones, you may wish to adjust the recovery position to minimize movement. Gently move the head to a position where vomit or blood can drain out. If you are concerned about breathing the person must be moved into a safer position.

 
 
 
Vomiting and Diarrhea

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
First Aid Procedures
   
Drowning
Shock
Breathing Difficulties
Asthma
Anaphylactic Shock
Heart Problems
Stroke
Epilepsy
Unconsciousness
Diabetes
Bleeding
Treatment of External Bleeding
Bleeding from the Head or
Palm
Treating Chest or Abdominal
Wounds
Crush Injuries, Impalement,
and Amputation
Internal Bleeding
Eye Wounds and Embedded
Objects
Bleeding from Special Sites
Controlling Bleeding from the Mouth and Nose
Fractures, Discolorations, and
Soft Tissue Injuries
How to Treat Fractures
Fractures of the Skull, Face,
and Jaw
Concussion
Fractures of the Upper Body
Fractures of the Arm and Hand
Fractures of the Ribcage
Recognizing Back and Spinal
Injury
If you have to move the Victim
Unconscious Victim
Injuries to the Lower Body
Injuries to the Lower Leg
Sprains and Strains
Burns and Scalds
Treating Other Types of Burn
Chemical Burns and Eye Burns
Extreme Cold
Extreme Heat
Poisoning
Poisoning from Household
Chemicals
Poisoning from Industrial
Chemicals
Drug Poisoning
Alcohol Poisoning
Food Poisoning
Miscarriage
Emergency Childbirth
   
 
Wilderness First Aid
   
What to Do if You are a Long Way from Help
Wilderness First Aid
Avalanche and Snow Survival Techniques
Cold Water Survival
Techniques
Stretcher Improvising
Loading and Carrying a
Stretcher
One-and-Two-Person Carries
Helicopter Rescue