First Aid Techniques
At the Emergency Scene
Action in An Emergency
Assessing a Casualty
Maintaining Airway,
Breathing, and Circulation
What to do When Somebody has Collapsed
The recovery Position for
The recovery Position for
Children and Babies
Rescue Breathing for Adults
Rescue Breathing for
Children and Babies
CPR for Adults
CPR for Children and Babies
Choking in Adults
Choking in Children
Choking in Babies
Everyday First Aid
Minor Wounds
Infected Wounds
Dealing with Splinters and
Fish Hooks
Foreign Bodies
Animal Bites
Insect Bites and Stings
More on Bites and Stings
Earaches, Toothache, and
Sore Throat
Abdominal Pain
Vomiting and Diarrhea
Hysteria, Hiccups, and Panic
Equipment, Medicines, and Complementary Medicine
Using Dressings and Cold
First Aid Kit for the Home
First Aid Kit for the Car
Wilderness First Aid Kit
Observation Chart/Victim
Storing and Using Medication
Commonly Prescribed
What They Do and Side
Drug Interactions
The Complementary
Medicine Chest
Helicopter Rescue

Helicopters have saved many lives since their introduction as a rescue tool. As well as being used to evacuate people from ships and mountains and rescue people from the sea, they are being utilized by numerous ambulance services all over the US to transport seriously ill or injured people to the hospital.

Although they are an effective life-saving tool, they can also be extremely dangerous if safety precautions are not followed. Should you find yourself in a situation where you or a member of your group is to be rescued by helicopter, the following simple precautions should be taken.

  1. The pilot will select the best area for the helicopter to land but if there is an obvious clear area that you believe they may wish to use, try to clear it of any obstructions such as loose debris. Assemble everybody to windward of the landing site, as the helicopter will approach into the wind. You must be at least 165 feet away from the landing point.

  2. It is not obvious where you are, wave some bright clothing or shine a flashlight so that the pilot and crew can see you. While the helicopter lands, stay still, holding on to any loose items of clothing or baggage. If you are on the beach you may find it more comfortable to cover your face because of the downdraft caused by the aircraft, which will stir up the sand.

  3. Once the helicopter has landed, under no circumstances approach it until you are signaled to do so by the pilot. When you are told to move toward the aircraft, approach in the direction that is indicated by the pilot. This will normally be from the front and to the pilot’s right-hand side. This is so that you remain in the pilot’s sight at all times. Follow any instructions you are given by the crew exactly.


If you are being rescued from a winch, for example, you are being taken off a boat, do not touch the winch lines until they have reached the ground as they carry a static electrical charge until they have been earthed..

In addition to the ire, police, and ambulance, emergency services, a number of specialist organizations exist in the US that operate search and rescue services in more hostile conditions.

Search and rescue units operate in all areas of the country, providing an emergency service to any one lost or injured in remote wilderness areas such as mountains or forests. These highly trained volunteers work in cooperation with the authorities and they are well-equipped with specialist vehicles, helicopters, and medical resources. On call 24 hours a day, they are contacted through the usual emergency agencies.

Emergencies at sea are dealt with by the US Coastguard and Lifeboat services. In addition to participating in search and rescue operations, these organizations run public education programs, carry out vessel safety checks, and are involved in environmental protection. The United States Coastguard Auxiliary is a nationwide force of more than 35,000 volunteers specially trained to form a vital part of Coastguard.
Vomiting and Diarrhea

First Aid Procedures
Breathing Difficulties
Anaphylactic Shock
Heart Problems
Treatment of External Bleeding
Bleeding from the Head or
Treating Chest or Abdominal
Crush Injuries, Impalement,
and Amputation
Internal Bleeding
Eye Wounds and Embedded
Bleeding from Special Sites
Controlling Bleeding from the Mouth and Nose
Fractures, Discolorations, and
Soft Tissue Injuries
How to Treat Fractures
Fractures of the Skull, Face,
and Jaw
Fractures of the Upper Body
Fractures of the Arm and Hand
Fractures of the Ribcage
Recognizing Back and Spinal
If you have to move the Victim
Unconscious Victim
Injuries to the Lower Body
Injuries to the Lower Leg
Sprains and Strains
Burns and Scalds
Treating Other Types of Burn
Chemical Burns and Eye Burns
Extreme Cold
Extreme Heat
Poisoning from Household
Poisoning from Industrial
Drug Poisoning
Alcohol Poisoning
Food Poisoning
Emergency Childbirth
Wilderness First Aid
What to Do if You are a Long Way from Help
Wilderness First Aid
Avalanche and Snow Survival Techniques
Cold Water Survival
Stretcher Improvising
Loading and Carrying a
One-and-Two-Person Carries
Helicopter Rescue