First Aid Techniques
At the Emergency Scene
Action in An Emergency
Assessing a Casualty
Maintaining Airway,
Breathing, and Circulation
What to do When Somebody has Collapsed
The recovery Position for
The recovery Position for
Children and Babies
Rescue Breathing for Adults
Rescue Breathing for
Children and Babies
CPR for Adults
CPR for Children and Babies
Choking in Adults
Choking in Children
Choking in Babies
Everyday First Aid
Minor Wounds
Infected Wounds
Dealing with Splinters and
Fish Hooks
Foreign Bodies
Animal Bites
Insect Bites and Stings
More on Bites and Stings
Earaches, Toothache, and
Sore Throat
Abdominal Pain
Vomiting and Diarrhea
Hysteria, Hiccups, and Panic
Equipment, Medicines, and Complementary Medicine
Using Dressings and Cold
First Aid Kit for the Home
First Aid Kit for the Car
Wilderness First Aid Kit
Observation Chart/Victim
Storing and Using Medication
Commonly Prescribed
What They Do and Side
Drug Interactions
The Complementary
Medicine Chest
One and Two Person Carries

If moving an injured or ill person is absolutely necessary, encouraging him to move by himself is by far the best approach, minimizing risk to both you and him. However, this is not always possible. There are a number of dangers inherent in lifting and moving people and the task should not be undertaken lightly. The following techniques require no real equipment and in an emergency situation can be very effective.


The human crutch
If you find yourself in a situation where the injured person has, for instance, sprained an ankle and is having difficulty in walking, this technique will provide additional support if nothing else, such as a walking stick or crutch, is available.

  1. Stand on the person’s injured or affected side, pass her arm around her waist and grasp her hand or wrist.

  2. Place your other arm around her waist and grasp her clothes, preferably the top of the trousers or a belt.

  3. Move off with your inside foot first, walking at the victim’s pace.

Piggy back
Although this is an effective carry, how far you will be physically capable of moving the victim will depend on her size and weight. It is also reduces your ability to carry your won equipment, particularly if you are hiking with backpacks.

  1. Crouch in front of the victim with your back toward her and ask her to put her arms over your shoulders.

  2. Grasp the victim’s thighs, pull them in toward you and slowly stand up, remembering to keep your back straight.

The drag

This technique is really for extreme emergencies and will be effective only over short distances as it is very labor-intensive. Its key use is in moving people from very hazardous areas quickly.

  1. Crouch behind the victim. Carefully pull him toward you. Stop, take a step back, and pull the victim toward you again.

  2. Repeat this procedure until you have reached your destination.


It is far easier for two people to control and move someone. However, these techniques do have their limitations, even with two people, and require a little practice.

Two-handed seat carry

  1. Crouch down, facing each other on either side of the injured person.

  2. Cross over your arms behind the victim and grab hold of her waistband or belt.

  3. Pass your other hands under the victim’s knees and grasp each other’s wrists.

  4. Bring your hands toward the middle of the victim’s thighs.

  5. Get in close to the injured person and stand up slowly; you are now ready to move off.

The two-handed and, in particular, the four-handed seat carries can only be used with conscious people because they require the person being carried to have some control over her body and give some assistance to the rescuers.

  1. With the person to be carried standing close to you, first hold your left wrist with your right hand, and ask your carrying partner to do the same.

  2. Now, link hands, taking hold of your partner’s right wrist. This should form a square.

  3. Allow the victim gently sit back onto your hands and get her to place her hands around your shoulders.
It should be noted that this is extremely strenuous and awkward for the rescuers.
Vomiting and Diarrhea

First Aid Procedures
Breathing Difficulties
Anaphylactic Shock
Heart Problems
Treatment of External Bleeding
Bleeding from the Head or
Treating Chest or Abdominal
Crush Injuries, Impalement,
and Amputation
Internal Bleeding
Eye Wounds and Embedded
Bleeding from Special Sites
Controlling Bleeding from the Mouth and Nose
Fractures, Discolorations, and
Soft Tissue Injuries
How to Treat Fractures
Fractures of the Skull, Face,
and Jaw
Fractures of the Upper Body
Fractures of the Arm and Hand
Fractures of the Ribcage
Recognizing Back and Spinal
If you have to move the Victim
Unconscious Victim
Injuries to the Lower Body
Injuries to the Lower Leg
Sprains and Strains
Burns and Scalds
Treating Other Types of Burn
Chemical Burns and Eye Burns
Extreme Cold
Extreme Heat
Poisoning from Household
Poisoning from Industrial
Drug Poisoning
Alcohol Poisoning
Food Poisoning
Emergency Childbirth
Wilderness First Aid
What to Do if You are a Long Way from Help
Wilderness First Aid
Avalanche and Snow Survival Techniques
Cold Water Survival
Stretcher Improvising
Loading and Carrying a
One-and-Two-Person Carries
Helicopter Rescue